Overview:

Gates are sites that present a barrier or control on flow. A gate may have an arbitrary number of associated hydraulic devices (pipes and weirs), each of which may be operated independently to control flow.

The Gates View is primarily for specifying the physical properties of the gate and some simple operating modes. Gates that are operated simply can be completely specified in this table. Much more elaborate controls are possible using Gate Time Series and Operating Rules, and in addition to manipulating the hydraulic devices you can completely uninstall the gate.

Tables:


GATE

The Gate table defines the name and connectivity of the gate. Gates are a top-level layered table.

Field Descriptions

NAME
Name of the gate. This is the identifier of the gate used elsewhere to refer to the gate.
FROM_OBJ
Type (channel/reservoir) of the water body to which the gate is attached. Gates are always connected from a water body to a node. This column is a picklist that is also connected to the Name/no. column.
FROM_IDENTIFIER
Identifier (channel number or reservoir name) of the water body to which the gate is attached.
TO_NODE
Node to which gate is attached.

Table Info

Identifier:
NAME
Parent Table:
GATE
Include Block:
GRID

GATE_WEIR_DEVICE

This table lists hydraulic structures that exist at the gate site to control flow that resemble weirs or rectangular conduits. In this table, the user specifies physical properties of the device as well as default operations. Both employ the following formulas depending on whether the water surface is higher on the water body or node side of the gate:

Q = nCop_toCtoA(zwb, p) sqrt[ 2g(zwb - znode) ] ... zwb > znode

Q = nCop_fromCfromA(znode, p) sqrt[ 2g(znode - zwb) ] ... zwb < znode

Where:

Please see usage notes below

Field Descriptions

GATE_NAME
Name of the gate this device in which the device is located.
DEVICE
Name of the device.
NDUPLICATE
Number of exact duplicates, such as a number of similar pipes in parallel. Parameters such as width apply to a single one of the duplicates.
WIDTH
Maximum width of the device (radius of a pipe, width of a weir).
ELEV
Invert elevation or weir crest.
HEIGHT
Height of the device from the invert elevation. This can be used to represent the height of rectangular flashboards or of a radial gate. If the surface goes above this height, flow will be submerged. Use NA for an open top. If you click in an NA column, you will see that it is encoded using a large number, but you should only use 'NA' or a real height.
CF_FROM_NODE
Flow coefficient of the gate (0 < Cto <= 1.0) describing the efficiency of the gate from node to water body. This parameter is the physical coefficient of flow. It should never be zero and should not be used to describe a control structure or operation such as flap gates or gate openings.
CF_TO_NODE
Same as CF_FROM_NODE, but for the direction from water body to node.
DEFAULT_OP
Default operation mode. The gate operation is a "magic" parameter between 0.0 and 1.0 that modulates gate flow. Operating coefficients can be used to represent flap gates, fractions of duplicates operating or other physical controls. The default ops are simple on this table are like initial conditions -- if you want more sophisticated control you will need to use a Gate Time Series or Operating Rule. Nevertheless, the defaults are enough to represent structures that are fully open or closed or operated unidirectionally. Here is how the default operation mode will affect the operating coefficient:
gate_open
Cop_to=1.0; Cop_from=1.0;
gate_close
Cop_to=0.0; Cop_from=0.0;
unidir_to
Cop_to=1.0; Cop_from=0.0;
unidir_from
Cop_to=0.0; Cop_from=1.0;

Table Info

Identifier:
GATE_NAME, DEVICE
Parent Table:
GATE
Parent Identifier:
GATE_NAME
Include Block:
GRID

GATE_PIPE_DEVICE

This table lists pipes at the gate site. In this table, the user specifies physical properties of the device as well as default operations.

Field Descriptions

GATE_NAME
Name of the gate this device in which the device is located.
DEVICE
Name of the device.
NDUPLICATE
Number of exact duplicates, such as a number of similar pipes in parallel. Parameters such as width apply to a single one of the duplicates.
RADIUS
Maximum width of the device (radius of a pipe, width of a weir).
ELEV
Invert elevation or weir crest.
CF_FROM_NODE
Flow coefficient of the gate (0 < Cto <= 1.0) describing the efficiency of the gate from node to water body. This parameter is the physical coefficient of flow. It should never be zero and should not be used to describe a control structure or operation such as flap gates or gate openings.
CF_TO_NODE
Same as CF_FROM_NODE, but for the direction from water body to node.
DEFAULT_OP
Default operation mode. The gate operation is a "magic" parameter between 0.0 and 1.0 that modulates gate flow. Operating coefficients can be used to represent flap gates, fractions of duplicates operating or other physical controls. The default ops are simple on this table are like initial conditions -- if you want more sophisticated control you will need to use a Gate Time Series or Operating Rule. Nevertheless, the defaults are enough to represent structures that are fully open or closed or operated unidirectionally. Here is how the default operation mode will affect the operating coefficient:
gate_open
Cop_to=1.0; Cop_from=1.0;
gate_close
Cop_to=0.0; Cop_from=0.0;
unidir_to
Cop_to=1.0; Cop_from=0.0;
unidir_from
Cop_to=0.0; Cop_from=1.0;

Table Info

Identifier:
GATE_NAME, DEVICE
Parent Table:
GATE
Parent Identifier:
GATE_NAME
Include Block:
GRID

Usage Notes:

Several types of time series and operational controls can be placed on gates. z1